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Neuro-Physiological Training for Children with Motor Difficulties – Peer-reviewed Article publ

Aim of the study:

To evaluate the effect of INPP’s training method on children’s motor skills.


Children with motor difficulties who had completed INPP’s training method.

  1. 21 girls and 66 boys (n = 87) participated, and average age at pretest was 9

Data was collected from 2004 to 2010. It was carried out at a criteria based selection, where the selection criteria were:

  1.  Tested positive for primitive reflexes

  2.  5 years and older (<16 years)

  3.  No developmental disorder, disability or pathology

  4. Carried out INPP’s training method (completed post-test)

Procedures and Measures:

  1. Individual assessment at Motorikksenteret in Trondheim.

  2. Anne Berg

  3. Average training period was 9.6 months, with reviews every 7-8 weeks

  4. Diagnostic Assessment (DA) was used to assess the children’s  reflex status


  1. Movement ABC was used to assess the children’s motor skills

F Fine motor skills, ball skills, static and dynamic balance


  1. The results showed a significant improvement of the reflex status. Upon completion of training, the reflex status had improved significantly (t= 17,99, df = 86, p < 0,001)

  2. After training aimed at inhibiting primitive reflexes, their motor skills were also significantly improved (t = 15,09, df = 86, p < 0,001)


  1. This study indicates that primitive reflexes can be inhibited using the INPP method and this can create improvement in motor skills.

  2. Because of weak validity of the study, the results have to be interpreted carefully.

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